Making sure that all students are safely engaged with an activity or game is challenging.
If adults are stationary, it’s easy for recess to dissolve into chaos.
Strategic movement is an approach to increasing the safety and engagement of students by having adults intentionally move around the playground and join in games with students.
An adult demonstrates “strategic movement” at recess by:
- Moving around from game to game
- Making sure that games get started (if they haven’t already)
- Playing in games for a couple of minutes
- Demonstrating positive behavior (like giving high fives)
- Reinforcing the rules
- Promoting the use of Rock Paper Scissors to resolve minor conflicts
One example of strategic movement would be to gather a group of students not engaged in an activity and start a game of four square. Once that game is up and running, the adult can move to a group of students playing wall ball, join in, and model positive behavior (or reinforcing the rules, if necessary). By moving from game to game, adults build positive relationships and more effectively monitor recess.
Adults only spend a couple of minutes with each group before moving on to another group of students or game. Strategic movement helps adults build rapport by ‘getting in the game’ (i.e., playing alongside students), giving high fives and affirmations, and proactively addressing issues before they arise (versus reactively responding to conflicts).
What you can try this week:
Set these three goals for making strategic movement a success this week at your school:
- Help start two games each recess
- Play in three games that kids are already playing
- Invite several students who are standing on the sidelines to play a game
By having these three goals you are likely to be:
- Constantly moving around and popping in and out of games
- Making your presence felt
- Actively and proactively engaging students
- Helping kids get off the sidelines and into the game
The reward? We’re more engaged with our students at recess without feeling as though we’re only reacting to behavior issues on the playground. In the end, using strategic movement makes it easier to manage recess proactively while also building positive relationships and increasing students’ safety and engagement in play.
Print out this poster and get started!